When we talk about extensive use, Java tops the list of programming languages common in the industry today. On the other hand, many developers are of the opinion that Python is simpler to learn and hence more useful. Data from Oracle reveals that there are 9 million java developers and 4.3 million Python developers worldwide. Then again, many Java developers say that Python is an easier programming language.
One thing is certain, both Java and Python are highly popular and crucial programming languages. In this article, we will briefly compare these two languages and also analyze their success in future.
Comparison between Java and Python
|Java is statically typed||Python is dynamically typed|
|Only object-oriented programming is supported.||Several features of object-oriented programming are supported but Python doesn’t rely on OO concepts to write codes.|
|Statements cannot be executed directly. Everything has to be compiled into bytecodes.||Python is designed to be used interpretively, meaning the Python statements fed at the interpreter prompt can be executed right away.|
|Wide range of data types are supported, mainly characterized as reference and primitive types. Byte, long and short integers, Boolean and float are some of the primitive data types that Java supports. Some reference data types in Java are array, class, interface, annotation and enumeration.||In Python, in-built data is supported. This includes Plain Integers, Boolean, Real Numbers, Complex Numbers, etc. It also supports lists, dictionaries and strings.|
|Java is statement-oriented, meaning a semicolon is used to end a sentence. Hence, multiple statements can fit in a single line.||Python being line-oriented, it’s not possible to accommodate more than one statement in a single line.|
|Double quotes must always be used to enclose Java strings.||In Python, strings can be included using single as well as double quotes.|
|Java comments can start with //, */ and /* and extend over several lines.||Python comments start with # and end in a single line.|
From the comparison above, you can see that Java has a wider range of option for classes, functions and strings, but it is slightly complex. Python is comparatively easier.
Why Java Will Dominate in the Coming Years?
There are two key reasons why Java will reign supreme in the years to come:
Being a statically typed language, developers enjoy several benefits. In Java, Names are types using explicit type declaration at compile time. Hence, many runtime-errors are detected by compilers at compile time. This isn’t possible in Python.
Software professionals prefer Java over other languages.
Python to Give Stiff Competition to Java
Python is the language for newbies. If you’re new to coding, opt for Python. It has also gained popularity as a prototyping language. So, in the coming years, Python will definitely be that one language every developer knows and employs to complete their tasks quickly and with ease.
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